Blood pressure is the force your blood pushes against the walls of the arteries. Every time your heart beats, it will pump blood into your arteries. Your blood pressure will be the highest when your heart beats and pumps the blood. It is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, there will be a fall in blood pressure between beats. It is called diastolic pressure.
The blood pressure reading makes use of these two numbers. The systolic numbers come above the diastolic ones. For example, 120/80 means 120 is the systolic number, and 80 is the diastolic number.
At all times, your blood pressure does not stay the same. When you exercise or get excited, your blood pressure will go up. When you will be resting, it is lower. Your blood pressure can change due to your age, position change, and the medications you take.
Sometimes pregnancy, too, leads to high blood pressure. It is most common in adults. But children, too, may be at risk. Some children have high blood pressure due to heart or kidney problems. But for a large number of kids, poor habits of lifestyles like lack of exercise or an unhealthy diet contribute to high blood pressure.
If your blood pressure remains high over time, it will cause the heart to pump harder and work overtime. It may lead to severe health problems like stroke, heart attack, kidney, and heart failure.
Treatments for high blood pressure are changes to a heart-healthy lifestyle and medications. Work with your doctor to come up with a proper treatment plan. It may only include lifestyle changes. Such changes as heart-healthy eating or exercise will be very effective. Yet sometimes, such changes will not control or reduce your high blood pressure. Then doctors may prescribe you medicines. There are various types of blood pressure medicines. Few people require using more than one type. If any other medication or medical condition causes your high blood pressure, then treating that condition or pausing the medicine may reduce your blood pressure.
Five main classes of medicines are available for lowering blood pressure. These are:
Other drugs can sometimes lower blood pressure besides the five main classes of medications mentioned above. For example:
Doctors use Alpha-blockers or methyldopa if there are issues with the more commonly used medications. An alpha-blocker that is widely used when blood pressure is high even after the treated individual is on other drugs is Doxazosin.
Another more potent diuretic or water tablet is Spironolactone. It is sometimes used as an additional option for blood pressure that cannot be controlled easily. It is never usually provided alongside Angiotensin receptor blockers or Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. This is because this combination may dangerously raise the level of potassium in your body. Doctors perform regular blood tests to check if you are on such medication or medicine combination.
Mainly, medication for blood pressure is required for life. Yet, for some people who have their blood pressure in control for three or more years, doctors may stop their medication. It will be possible for individuals who have made significant lifestyle changes like quitting heavy drinking, losing weight, etc. If medication is stopped, you must have regular checks of blood pressure. Sometimes, the blood pressure may remain normal. Yet, in others, t starts rising again. Therefore if it happens, the doctor will again begin the medication.
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